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verbunkos, n.

Forms:  18– verbunkos, 19– verbunko (irregular), 19– verbunkosh. (Show Less)
Frequency (in current use): 
Origin: A borrowing from Hungarian. Etymon: Hungarian verbunkos.
Etymology: < Hungarian verbunkos recruiting dance < verbunk   recruiting, enlistment, also the name of the dance ( < German Werbung   recruitment < werben   to recruit: see wharve v.) + -os, suffix forming nouns and adjectives with the sense ‘of the nature or character of’.
Not fully naturalized in English.
The form verbunko probably results from interpretation of the Hungarian word as a plural.

  A type of Hungarian dance to gypsy music; the music played to accompany this dance; a piece of music written in this style.The verbunkos was originally danced by uniformed Hussars to the music of gypsy bands in order to attract new recruits to the army.

1880   Musical Times 1 June 276/1   Notation of a Verbunkos, for two violins and a bass, as it is not unfrequently played by the Gipsies in Transylvania as well as in Hungary... The Verbunkos is a sort of military dance, a recruiting dance.
1937   Jrnl. Gypsy Lore Soc. 16 103   Magyary Imre..is still the Gypsy with the most classical style in Budapest. Nobody else plays so purely the traditional works of the ‘Verbunkos’ style.
1944   W. Apel Harvard Dict. Music 343/2   The Czardas..is said to be a 19th-century revival of the old verbunko.
1969   E. Fél & T. Hofer Proper Peasants x. 194   After dancing the verbunkos, the bachelors take a rest and look at the girls.
a1993   K. T. Johns Symphonic Poems Liszt (1997) 44/2   This passage also calls to mind verbunkos music.
2015   Independent (Nexis) 5 Apr. (Features section) 7   Brahms..came to know and love the lilt and rhythms of the csardas and verbunkos.

1880—2015(Hide quotations)


This is a new entry (OED Third Edition, September 2018).