† gilden, adj.
b. fig. Golden; rich; precious, illustrious.
2. Of the colour of gold; golden.
3. Covered in a thin layer of gold; gilded; (in early use) decorated with gold. See discussion in the note in the etymology.In quot. OE rendering a post-classical form of classical Latin chrysendeta (neuter plural) dishes or vessels inlaid with gold; cf. Isidore ( Origines 20.4.8), the putative source.
gilden mouth n. [after Hellenistic Greek χρυσόστομος (‘Chrysostom’) ‘golden-mouthed’ (see chrysostomic adj.), the posthumous cognomen of the Early Church Father] (an epithet of) St John, archbishop of Constantinople (d. 407), an Early Church Father renowned for his eloquence and persuasiveness as a preacher; = goldenmouth n. at golden adj. and n. Special uses 2a.Quot. eOE shows a weak adjective gyldenmūþa golden-mouthed, eloquent, also found in use with more general reference in Old English, here reflecting use by Bede ( Metrical Life of St. Cuthbert Prol. 23) with reference to John Chrysostom.
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